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Cash, Fibre and Spice Crops

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Rural Technology

Sugarcane is the important cash crop grown in India. Sugarcane is cultivated in UP, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka and AP. on large scale. Sugarcane is the most important source of sugar and jaggery. The sugar factories have transformed the total scenario in the sugarcane tracts. Cotton is the most extensively grown commercial crop and the most important of all fibre crops of the world. Likewise turmeric is an important spice crop grown on commercial scale as a source of farm income. It is cultivated in the states of AP, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Orissa, Kerala and Assam.



Intext Questions 3.5

1) Fill in the blanks:

1. Preseasonal sugarcane crop is sown in the month of .

2. H - 4 is the variety of crop.

3. Curcuma longa Linn is the botanical name of crop.

4. The botanical name of sugar cane crop is .

5. Rajapuri is the famous variety of crop.

3.8 What you have learnt

In this lesson we have studied the cultivation practices of different important field crops viz. cereals, pulses, oilseed fibre, cash and spice crops with respect to preparation of land, sowing, important varieties, intercultural practices, irrigation, fertilizers, harvesting and yield of these crops.

3.9 Terminal questions

1) Give information on wheat crop with reference to preparation of land and sowing, important varieties, fertilizers, harvesting and yield.

2) Give information on mustard crop with reference to preparation of land and sowing, important varieties, irrigation, harvesting and yield.

3) Give information on ground nut crop with reference to preparation of land and sowing, important varieties, fertilizers, harvesting and yield.

4) Give information on sugarcane or cotton crop with reference to preparation of land and sowing, important varieties, fertilizers, harvesting and yield.

5) Give information on turmeric crop with reference to preparation of land and sowing, important varieties, fertilizers, harvesting and yield.

Answer to Intext questions

1 Spermatophyta

2 June to October

3 Rabi

4 Monocotyledons

1) Oryza sativa

2) Sorghum vulgare

3) Zea mays

4) Triticum species

5) Pennisetum typhoideum

1) Africa

2) Afghanistan

3) India

4) Central Africa

5) South Europe

1) SB – 11

2) EC 68414

3) N – 630

4) Local varieties

1) September to October

2) Cotton

3) Turmeric

4) Saccharum officinarum

5) Turmeric

Suggested activities

A) Prepare a crop museum of pulses and oil seeds

B) Visit a commercial farm producing different cereals, fibre, spice and cash crops to study the cultivation practices

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