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Feeding of Poultry

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Rural Technology

The primary objective of feeding poultry is to convert low quality feeds like cereal grains, oilcakes and other by products of agriculture and industry into high quality food like egg and meat.

Principles of feeding poultry

  1. Birds have no lips and teeth and hence cannot chew the feeds therefore, ration must have chiefly concentrates (grains, oil cake, by products).
  2. Birds have simple stomach, hence requirements are more precise and specific.
  3. Birds have higher rate of metabolism than other farm animals therefore different feed for different class of birds is required as per recommended standards.
  4. They are fed in groups.
  5. Birds have no sweat glands to cool down their body hence their respiration, pulse rate and body temperature are relatively higher. Consequently their metabolic rate is higher. Accordingly, nutritional adjustments is needed.
  6. Feed must be free from Aflatoxins.
  7. Clean, fresh and cool water must be made available at all times.
  8. Birds are non-ruminants and hence feed must contain not more than 6 to 7 percent of crude fibre.
  9. Birds are reared for different purpose (Meat, egg etc.) and hence according to purpose, age, breed, size and system of rearing the requirements must be determined with definite ratio of protein and energy.
  10. Feed must have all essential nutrients in balanced form.
  11. Daily Average feed consumption of Layer Chicks and Broilers :-

Intext Questions

Fill in the blanks: i) Poultry birds have no glands. ii) Poultry feed should not contain more than percent crude fibre. iii) Above 75% of egg production, per bird feed requirement is grams. iv) birds are reared for meat purpose.

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