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First Aid management in some common conditions

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Index.gifExcessive Bleeding


First Aid:

  • Press the wound firmly with your fingers or with your hand till bleeding stops.
  • Raise the bleeding part so that blood does not flow out quickly.
  • Wash the wound with clean water.
  • If the injured person is bleeding profusely, the wound is


bandaged with the handkerchief or a clean cloth & the person is moved to a hospital immediately.

Index.gifFractures (break in the bone)

Signs of fracture

Affected body part becomes:

  • Very painful (severe pain)
  • Swells up
  • Victim is unable to move it

First Aid:

  • Handle the victim very gently and try to avoid all unnecessary movements.
  • Never attempt to bring the bones to normal position.
  • Support the affected part with the appropriate support like Splint, piece of wood, padding in the form of folded handkerchief, towel, newspaper or magazine.
  • Tie the splint firmly but not too much tight to stop the circulation.
  • Call a doctor immediately or take the patient to a hospital.

Index.gifElectrical Shock

  • Switch off the current or pull out the plug and disconnect the victim from the source of current with the help of wooden stick.

First Aid:

  • Never touch the victim before disconnecting, otherwise you may get a shock.
  • If the victim is not breathing properly or his heart beat has stop, give artificial respiration and external cardiac massage.
  • Check for other injuries like shock or burn.
  • Take the victim to a hospital immediately.


Points to remember: 1) Never touch the victim until the current has been turned off or the victim has been separated from the electrically live wire or object. 2) Never touch the victim with wet hands or metallic objects.

Index.gifBurns

First Aid:

  • Put the burnt area e.g. fingers, hand, legs under a running cold water.
  • Do not apply cotton wool directly over the burnt area.
  • Do not apply any greasy substance like cream, lotion etc. on the burnt area.
  • Cover the burnt area gently with a bandage or a clean cloth.
  • Treat the victim for the shock.
  • Take the victim to a hospital immediately.

Index.gif Bites and Stings

A) First Aid:

  • Tie a bandage, handkerchief or a clean cloth above the bite area so that poison do not spread in the body. Snake Bite
  • Do not move the bitten area.
  • Gently wash the wound with water.
  • Victim of snake bite feels very sleepy so keep him awake.
  • Take the victim to a doctor immediately.

B) Dog Bite First Aid:

  • Wash the bitten area with soap and water.
  • Keep it open.
  • Take the victim to the doctor for anti-rabies treatment.

Index.gifSwallowing Objects and choking

Children quite often put small objects in their mouth or nose like coins, beads, toy parts, electric parts, small nuts, seeds of plants etc. First Aid:

  • Hold the child upside down & pat vigorously on the back.
  • In case of grown-ups, stand behind the victim put your arms below the armpit and encircle the abdomen below the navel.
  • Join both the hands together and clasp it.
  • Press both fists on the abdomen with a quick jerk in the

midline. · If the victim fails to respond send the patient to a hospital for the removal of foreign body.

Index.gifPoisoning

By disinfectants like phenyl, rat poison, kerosene, sleeping pills or poisonous gases like LPG, Smoke from charcoal etc. First Aid:

  • Make the victim vomit by the rubbing the back of the throat.
  • Make the victim drink plenty of water.
  • Take the victim to a hospital immediately.


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