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Food hygiene is an essential part of maintaining good health. If the basic rules of hygiene are ignored or overlooked while buying, preparing, cooking and storing food; the consequences in terms of ‘food poisoning’ can be sudden and severe. So, one should adopt following measures to maintain good food hygiene:
(a) A clean kitchen:
In order to multiply, bacteria need food, warmth, moisture and time. So, we must keep our kitchen clean and dry.
- · Keep food covered.
- · Do not leave scraps lying around and wipe away any spillages (left over food).
- · Empty rubbish bins (dust bins) frequently.
- · Keep pets away from food and from the kitchen.
- · All these measures will help to prevent insects such as flies, cockroaches’ etc. spreading diseases.
(b) Cleanliness during preparation of food:
Always wash your hands with soap before touching food. · If you need to cough, blow your nose or sneeze use a clean cloth or handkerchief, so as not to spread germs and wash your hands before touching the food again. · Vegetables need to be washed properly and carefully as soil may contain bacteria. · Wash knife thoroughly before and after cutting raw food items, meat etc.
(c) Cleaning of refrigerator:
· Do clean the refrigerator (fridge) regularly. · Take out all food items and wash all surfaces including the shelves with hot soapy water. · A solution of bicarbonate of soda and warm water is a good cleanser and will not make the refrigerator smell.
(d) Clean water:
· As you have learnt previously that many diseases are water borne. For good health, it is necessary to have a plentiful supply of safe piped water from a tube-well or deep hand pump. · Water should be boiled at least for 5-10 minutes to kill all germs and then kept in a sterilized bottle before drinking.
(e) Storage of food:
· Store food and drinking water in clean and dry place. · Keep food items covered and out of reach of cockroaches, rodents(rats) etc. · Maintain temperature for storage of food as per food items.