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Foundation

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Rural Technology

Foundation is in direct contact with soil and transmits load of complete structure to soil. If foundation is weak then there is danger that walls will collapse or tilt due to load of the structure. Generally, foundation is below the ground level. Depth of foundation depends on type of soil and its bearing capacity, depth of ground water table and the size of structure.

To allow removal of top loose soil and variation in ground level, the best recommended depth of foundation is from 1.00 meter to 1.5 meter from original ground level.

Following are the different steps in Foundation Work: 1. Excavation of soil for foundation. 2. Laying out cement concrete. 3. Laying Brick work up to plinth level. 4. Refilling of earth around the walls 5. Refilling of earth in the building portion to the required height. Intext Questions 6.2 Fill in the blanks: i) Long form of RCC is . ii) Two common types of construction methods are and . iii) transmits load of entire structure to soil. iv) The beam at ground level is called . v) A slab supported only on one side is called .

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