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Health Control

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Rural Technology

General measures for prevention of contagious diseases are as follows:

i) Identification and isolation of infected animals. ii) Treatment of affected animals. iii) Disposal of dead animals either by burning or deep burial. iv) Destroy contaminated fodder by burning. v) Proper disposal of contaminated water. vi) Regular disinfection of sheds and premises. vii) Don’t allow grazing in affected area. viii) Don’t allow animals to drink water from ponds, rivers etc. during out break of disease. ix) Regular spraying of insecticides to control external parasites. x) Provide adequate ventilation and sunlight. xi) Provide ample fresh clean water. xii) Provide sufficient quantity of balanced ration.

Vaccination:

Goats should be vaccinated against all diseases like: Rinderpest, Haemorrhagic Septicaemi, Black. Quarter, Caprine pleuropneumonia, Enterotoxaemica.

Control of Ectoparasities :

Application of drugs like folidol, Malathion controls the ticks and lice. Malathion dip or bath (Weak Solution 1.5 to 2%) is found quite effective against goat lice folidol is used in proportion of 1:5 with ash. The walls should be white washed with lime and copper sulphate in case of tick/ lice infestation. General Cleanliness of pens by phenyl and occasional dettol / Malathion 2% bath.

Intext Questions

Match the followings: A B i) Dead animals a) Vaccination ii) Rinderpest b) phenyl iii) Ticks and lice c) folidol iv) General cleanliness of pens d) Deep burial.

What you have learnt

Goat is a small multipurpose animal raised by small farmers and poor landless labourers for milk, meat, fibre, skin and manure throughout the country. Off flavour in milk is no problem. Its milk and milk products are highly digestible and nutritious. The goat meat (Chevon) is delicious and health giving protein. Goats are able to graze on very short grass and browse on foliage net eaten by other livestock. Goats are found of leguminous fodders. They dislike fodders like sorghum and maize silage or straw. Castration, Dehorning, care of feet, exercise for stall fed goats are routine management practices in goats. Under farm and city condition it is economical to provide special housing for goats. Vaccination and control of ectoparasites is essential for health care in goats.

Terminal Questions

i) Write the exotic breeds of goads with their characters and utility.

ii) Write the feeding habits of Goats. iii) Give the feeding schedule of Goats. iv) Explain the routine management practices in Goats. v) Write the general measures for prevention of contagious diseases in Goats. 7.10 Answer to Intext Questions 7.1 i) France ii) Sialkot iii) Rajasthan iv) Nagpur v) Switzerland 7.2 1. Colostrum 2. Mineral mixture 3. Exercise 4. 350 grams/ litre of milk 5. 30 to 40% Dry matter 7.3 i) Castration ii) Dehorning iii) Overgrown iv) 1 year 7.4 i) Bucks ii) 3 to 5 metre iii) White iv) Isolation 7.5 i) Deep burial ii) Vaccination iii) Folidol iv) Phenyl

Suggested activity

Visit a goat farm to study the managerial practices.

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Rural Technology