Virtual Open Schooling Online courses available at Virtual Open Schooling (VOS), for more details kindly click here!
NIOS Silver Jubilee Year

Home Decoration

Jump to: navigation, search
Previous Page Home Page Next Page
Rural Technology

Apart from having well arranged furniture in a room, one also likes to see it tastefully decorated. You can use your creativity in decorating walls, floor, etc. You can use potted plants and flowers and picture to obtain a pleasing effect.

1. Walls

The use of pictures in decorating walls is a very common practice and everyone does it. But, there are a few points you should always keep in mind if, you want the whole effect to be pleasing. i) Select picture in proportion to size of wall, ie, large picture for a large wall and small ones for a small wall. ii) Leave sufficient empty space around the picture. This gives it emphasis whereas too many objects around it spoil the beauty. iii) Hang all pictures with the bottom edges in one line. Irregularly hung pictures look unattractive.


Flowers are not very expensive and are always very refreshing, colourful and provide a lot of variety. Similarly, potted plants kept in a room also bring a feeling of freshness as well as add to the beauty of a room. It is very easy to create beautiful flower arrangements of your choice. Here are some points you must bear in mind while making flower arrangements- • Choose flowers whose colour does not clash with the colour of walls, curtains, sofa, etc. • Select the flower vase of appropriate size. For example, a small vase for large flowers or a tall vase for small flowers is not appropriate. • Place the arrangement where it can be easily seen and appreciated. • Keep the size of the arrangement according to the place it is meant for. For example, a tall flower arrangement would be suitable for keeping in a corner and a small one would be suitable for keeping on a dining table. You can use the illustrations given below as a guide for making arrangement for your home or create some of your own.


Decorating the floors has been an ancient art in our country. It is known by different names in different parts of the county- rangoli, alpana, kolam, etc. Floor decoration is generally done at the entrance, of the house, on steps, in front of the pooja room or as a border of a room. These floor decorations are specially made during festivals like Diwali. Durga Puja, etc. While making the decoration a free hand drawing of the pattern is made by chalk and then filled in using- • Coloured powder • Coloured sawdust • Rice flour • Fresh flowers petals • Green leaves

What you have learnt

In order to make it easy for you to remember, here are the main points of the lesson:

9.10 Terminal Questions 1. State any five functions performed by your own home. 2. Which function of the home do you think is the most important? 3. Examine your home to see whether there is adequate ventilation. If not, suggest two ways in which ventilation can be improved. 4. What will be the effects poor lighting of your home on your health? 5. How will you clean - kitchen tiles, plastic mug in the bathroom, metal garden chairs in your home? 6. If you are asked to mange the store room in your home, how will you do it? 7. If you are living as a member of a family of five in a one room house, what ways will you adopt to make your home appear spacious and well arranged? 9.11 Answer to Intext Questions 9.1 1. (a) (iii) (b) (i) (c) (iv) (d) (ii) (e) (v) 9.2 1. (a) (iii) (b) (i) (c) (iv) 2. (i) (b) (ii) (a)

9.3 1. (b) 2. (d) 3. (a) 9.4 1. (a) soap, water (b) kerosene oil (c) soapy solution, scrubber (d) Vinegar (e) tamarind, lemon or dry mango powder 9.5 1. (a) Size (b) Plain (c) Eye (d) Bottom

Previous Page Home Page Next Page
Rural Technology