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Housing for goats

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Rural Technology

Under farm and city conditions, it is economical to provide special housing for goats. Each pen may be 5¢ in length, 2 ½¢ wide and 6’ height. This is enough for a pair of goats. Several pens may be made according to the number of goats. In case of milch goats, separate pens for lambs should be constructed at very adjacent of the dam’s pen. The partition between the mother and kids pen should be such that both can see each other. The buck should be housed away from the milking goats. The house should have plenty of fresh air, sunshine and well drained. The materials for constructing goats house may be any thing like bamboo, wooden or pukka. High roof shed covered with fire-proof material has been found to be cooler than housing made using conventional needs, hay thatches and asbestos sheet.

The height of the shelter in the hot region should be between 3 and 5 metres and height less than this will result in poor ventilation. The shape of the roof can be either flat, sloped or ‘A’ shaped. The ‘A’ type roof has definite advantages over the rest in the hot region, as one side of the roof will save the other half from direct solar radiation by casting its shadow of the different materials used for the roof The fire proof tar-coated has been found effective. Shelter surroundings should be kept as green as possible to avoid heating up of the shed. For good ventilation and to protect the animals from the direct heat of hot winds, the eastern and western sides of the sheds should be covered up to a metre height. The roof and walls should be white outside and coloured inside. Painting the side walls white outside reduces the surface temperature inside by 12 to 220C, when compared to unpainted walls in places where temperatures remain above 370C.

Goats in an advanced stage of pregnancy at least 4 to 7 days before kidding must be housed separately. Kids from one week after birth to sub-adult stage should be kept @ 20 to 25 per shed. By making suitable partitions in larger shed, unweaned, weaned but immature and near matured kids can be housed separately. Small rooms to house 15 to 20 newly born kids are essential to raise a good breeding stock. The bucks should be kept away from the milking goats, in small groups of 10 or 15. Isolation sheds must be provided to keep sick and diseased animal far away from the rest of the sheds.

Besides housing other facilities to store concentrate feed, medicine, dipping tanks should be provided. Feeding and water troughs should be included within the housing shelters.

Intext Questions Fill in the blanks: i) should be housed away from milking goats. ii) height of roof in hot region. iii) Roofs and walls should be washed outside. iv) shed is used to keep sick or diseased animal.

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