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NIOS Silver Jubilee Year
NIOS

Housing of Sheep

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Rural Technology

General Flock Shed: - Adult breeding ewes or nannies are housed in this shed. Each shed should accommodate about 60 ewes or nannies. The shed should be three metre high and should have moorum or brick on edge floor. In low lying and heavy rainfall areas the floors should be elevated and in temperate Himalayan region they may be made of strong wood. Shed for Ram: - Rams are housed individually in these sheds. Alternatively, wooden partitions can be raised in a bigger shed to partition it into stalls. Lambing Shed: - These are the maternity pens. Pregnant ewes or nannies are housed individually in the sheds. These sheds shall be made draught free. In northern parts of the country some warming device, like a room heater. Shall be fixed in maternity pens so that new-horn kids or lambs are protected from cold during winter season. Lamb Shed: - Lambs from weaning up to attaining maturity are housed in these sheds at the rate of about 75 animals per shed. By making suitable partitions in a larger shed, un-weaned, weaned but immature and nearing maturity lambs can be housed separately. On larger farms however, three separate sheds may be constructed to house three categories of kids or lambs. Sick animal shed: - Away from the other sheds one or more (depending on flock size) sick animal sheds of about 3m x 2m x 3m m size may be constructed. Shearing Room: - This is the place where sheep are shorn and hence, a shearing room is required only on farms where sheeps are kept for all wool. This room should be well-lit by having large glass windows all around. The floors should be cement paved and surface made smooth. On either side of the shearing room there shall be two simple fenced lots. Where sheep can be collected before and after shearing these lots should lead into the shearing room through 1.5m wide passage. Accessory Building :- Wool store should be located next to the Shearing Room for storing wool and shearing equipments. This room should have clean smooth floors and walls lined with glazed tiles upto a height of one and a half metre. The room should be made dust and damp proof. There shall be three windows on three sides. Intext Questions 8.3 Match the following: A B 1. Lambing shed i) Adult breeding ewes 2. Shearing Room ii) Maternity pens 3. Shed for Ram iii) Sheep are shorn 4. General flock shed iv) Individual pen 5. Lamb Shed v) Shed from weaning to maturity

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