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Under National Immunization Schedule, vaccination against some common Communicable diseases is done which is essential for child development and survival. These diseases are Polio, Whooping cough (Pertussis), Tetanus, Measles, Diptheria and Tuberculosis. Most of the child deaths are due to these diseases so it is important to do active immunization in children in first year of their life.
- At Birth • B.C.G for T.B.
- • OPV ( Oral Polio Vaccine)
- • Hepatitis B – first dose
- 6-8 weeks • D.P.T. – 1st dose
- • Polio 1st Dose
- 10 -14 weeks • D.P.T. – 2nd dose
- • Polio 2nd dose
- 16-20 weeks • D.P.T. – 3rd dose
- • Polio 3rd dose
- • Hepatitis B 2nd Dose
- 9 months • Measles
- • Vitamin A 1st dose
- 15-18 months • MMR (Mumps, Measles, Rubella)
- • Vitamin A 2nd dose
- 16-24 months • DPT – 1st booster dose
- • Oral Polio – 3rd dose
- 5-6 years DT
- 10-16 years TT (Tetanus Toxoid)
1) Vaccination can be done during minor cough, Cold and mild fever
2) Interval between 2 doses should not be less than 1 month.
3) Some other important vaccines which are not included in immunization schedule but can be given to children are chicken pox, typhoid, influenza vaccine etc
Some Important Vaccine available:
Name of Vaccine Disease B.C.G. Tuberculosis(TB) TT Tetanus OPV Polio Small pox vaccine Small pox DPT Diptheria, Pertussis and tetanus Hepatitis vaccine Hepatitis A and hepatitis B Measles vaccine Measles HIb Meningitis(Brain fever) Chicken pox Vaccine Chicken Pox
Q.1 State True False:
1. Vaccine prepare by disease causing microorganisms. 2. Vaccination Decreases human Immune response.