Organic farming is a production system which favours maximum use of organic material (crop residues, animal excreta, legumes, on and off farm organic wastes, growth regulators, bio-pesticides etc.) and discourages use of synthetically produced agro-inputs, for maintaining soil productivity and fertility and pest
management under conditions of sustainable natural resources and healthy environment.
The more widely used term ‘organic farming’ describes two major aspects of alternate agriculture:
i) The substitution of manures and other organic matter for inorganic fertilizers; and
ii) The use of biological pest control instead of chemical pest control.
The organic agriculture relies on
1)Organizing the production of crops and livestock and the management of farm resources so that they harmonize rather than conflict with natural systems.
2) Useing and development of appropriate technologies based upon an understanding of biological systems.
3) Achieving and maintaining soil fertility for optimum production.
4) Using diversification to pursue optimum production.
5) Aiming for optimum nutritional value of staple food.
6) Maintaining and preserve wild life and their habitats.
Merits of Organic Farming :
1) It conserves the ecological base of farming.
2) No pollution of atmosphere, soil and water.
3) It maintains soil productivity and tilth.
4) Improves soil aeration, structure and water holding capacity.
5) It is low cost farming.
6) Improves physio-chemical and biological properties of soil.
7) Improves quality of food grain & fodder.