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Pests of Fruit Crops

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Rural Technology

Match the followings A B 1. Bark borer a) Citrus 2. Stem borer b) Pomegranate 3. Fruit sucking moth c) Cashew 4. Lemon butterfly d) Mango

What you have learnt

Different field / horticultural crops are attacked by different pests causing reduction in the yield and quality of crop plants. Pest is an organism that causes any type of damage to the plant. Insects, mites, rodents, animals, birds are the different type of pests that attack the crop plants. The pests can be controlled by mechanical, physical, cultural, chemical and biological methods. Integrated pest management uses all the above methods along with natural extracts for pest control. 6.8 Terminal questions 1) Define pest and explain the different type of pests on field / horticultural crops. 2) Enlist the pest control methods and explain any two of them. 3) Write a note on integrated pest management. 4) Write different pests attacking the crops Paddy, Wheat, Sugar cane with their symptoms and control measures. 5) Write different pests attacking the flower crops with their symptoms and control measures. 6) Write different pests attacking any three vegetable crops with their symptoms and control measures. 7) Write different pests attacking four fruit crops with their symptoms and control measures.

Answer to intext questions

6.1 1) Segmented 2) 8 3) Pest 4) Insecticides or pesticides 5) Biological 6.2 Match the followings: a) Paddy b) Jowar c) Sugar cane d) Cotton 6.3 Match the followings: a) Cucurbits b) Brinjal c) peas d) Tomato e) Rose 6.4 Match the followings: a) Mango b) Cashew c) Pomegranate d) Citrus Suggested activities A. Prepare insect box of various pests occurring on vegetable crops. B. Prepare insect box of various pests occurring on fruit crops. C. Prepare insect box of various pests occurring on field crops.


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