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NIOS Silver Jubilee Year

Routine Mangment Practices

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Rural Technology

Handling of Goats

Goats are seldom difficult and frequently learn to come for food and milking when called. They dislike being held by horns and ears and care should be taken not to disturb their nostrils for an ideal handling. It is preferable to hold them with neck or head collars.


It is done at the age of 2 to 4 weeks although castration at later stage is successful. For this purpose burdizzo’s castrator is used. Care should be taken to pass the spermatic chord of each testis in two places, ½” apart. At that time testis should be held by hand in such a way that it never reaches the hinge of the castrator. After castration, there may be swelling of the testis which soon becomes normal within 2 or 3 days.


i) Palatability of meat increases. ii) Increase in body weight at a rapid rate. i) Quality of skin becomes superior. iv) Profit from castrated goat is always more.


Dehorning is done to avoid horned and polled goats together. It is practiced within one week of birth by using caustic potash. Care of the feet Goats frequently suffer from over grown feet, a condition which causes much unnecessary discomfort and even deformity and arthritis in old age. These conditions can be prevented by pairing the hooves when they become overgrown. Exercise paddock for stall fed Goats When goats are reared in stall under constant confinement, it is of utmost importance to provide the exercise paddock. An enclosure measuring 12m x 18m is adequate for 100 to 125 goats. Some shade trees may be planted to provide adequate comfort in summer. The animals should be allowed to roam about in enclosed area for some fixed period to have sufficient fresh air and exercise. Regular Breeding: - Most of the goats attain sexual maturity at one year of age, but this could be easily reduced by 3-5 months. The cyclic ovarian activity and uterine involution resume normalcy within 30 to 35 days after. Kidding and they could be inseminated easily after 45 days of normal kidding. It must be ensured that animal receives services between 45-60 days after kidding. A normal goat comes in heat every 19-21 hours if not conceived. The duration of heat is 18 to 36 hours. During this period, the goat should be mated 10-12 hours after the onset of heat.

Intext questions

A) Fill in the blanks i) is done at the age of 2 to 4 weeks. ii) one week of birth by using caustic potash. iii) Pairing of hooves is done for feet in sheep. iv) In year goats attain sexual maturity.

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Rural Technology