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NIOS Silver Jubilee Year
NIOS

Rural Technology

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Course Team

                        Course Co-ordinator: Dr. Yogesh Kulkarni, Director, Vigyan Ashram, Pabal


1
Mr. Anand Gosavi Principal Vigyan Ashram At & Post-Pabal, Tal-Shirur,(Via-Rajgurnagar) Pune, Maharashtra
2
Mr. Ranjeet Shanbag Dy.Director Vigyan Ashram At & Post-Pabal, Tal-Shirur,(Via-Rajgurnagar) Pune, Maharashtra
3
Mr. Amitraj Deshmukh Dy.Director Vigyan Ashram At & Post-Pabal, Tal-Shirur,(Via-Rajgurnagar) Pune, Maharashtra
4
Mr. Omkar Banait Programme Co-ordinator Vigyan Ashram At & Post-Pabal, Tal-Shirur,(Via-Rajgurnagar) Pune, Maharashtra
5
Mrs.Meenal Desai Programme Director  Symantak , 163,At post Dhamapur,Tal.Malvan,Dist.Sindhudurg.


Content Analysis

Agriculture

http://wikieducator.org/images/e/e3/Agri_syllabus-_open_office.ods

Home & Health

NIOS
Content Analysis
Programme Name: RURAL TECHNOLOGY
Course Name: OUR HOME ENVIRONMENT (455)
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 6, Unit Name – FOOD PRESERVATION
Sub Unit Number- 6.4, Sub Unit Name - PRESERVATION METHODS


Sr. No.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/ subsystems/definition/ procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed / Learning outcome
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1
FOOD PRESERVATION
Preservation method
#

Concept – food preservation

Processes – Thermal processing (Heating )

TERMS – Enzymes, micro organisms, blanching, pasteurization.


# Searching
  1. Check Availability of raw material
  2. Economics (budgeting & estimating)
  3. Purchasing
  4. Processing
  5. Marketing


Objectives -

# Understand the importance of food preservation.

# Realize the causes of food spoilage.

# Learn different methods of food preservation.

Knowledge –

  1. Food items can be preserved.
  2. Nutrients are not affected.

Values- Hygiene is important in food products.

Skills –1. Using a thermometer.

2. Handling castles.

Learning Objectives –

  1. Jam
  2. Jelly
  3. Sauces
  4. Ketchup
  5. Drying of vegetable
  6. Khoa
  7. Nankatai


Computer, Internet,
Text, video, Ppt.
Heating – temperature
To guide,
To support.
To find out ways for tackle problems



# Cold processing
  1. Drying
  2. Use of microwave
  3. Addition of chemicals
  4. Atmosphere composition


# Pickles
  1. Squashes
  2. Candies
  3. Juices
  4. Chutney’s
  5. Chikki


Preservatives, radiations, canning of food, sterilization, perishable, semi perishable, and shelf stable food.
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 8 Unit Name- Knitting
Sub Unit Number- 8.3, 8.4 Sub Unit Name - needles, stitches


Sr.No.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystem/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/ competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
knitting Needle Definition – Needle -

Make up of aluminum, wood & bamboo can do by combining knit & purl stitches.


1. Learn about wool.

2. Learn about patterns with help of needles.

Objective-
  1. Know about needles.
  2. Requirement of knit stitch.
  3. Understand the methods of purl stitches.


Videos, internet sessions Link with experts & guidance.
2.
stitches Concept - stitches

Term - yarn


1.about yarn

2.sizes & types of needles

3. Scissor operation.

1. Students learn knit stitch

2. Students learn Purl stitch


SECTION – A
Unit Number- 1 Unit Name - Human Body
Sub unit Number- 1.3, 1.5 Sub Unit Name - Anatomy & Physiology, Important systems of human body


Sr.No.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystem/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Human body Anatomy & Physiology Definition –

Anatomy means to study of normal structure, shape, size,& location of various parts of the body.

Physiology means functions of various organs of the body.


Observe u r friends to know the difference of anatomy & physiology. Objectives-1.the knowledge of structure & functions of healthy body.

2. Understand the meaning of anatomy & physiology.

3. Know the important systems of human body.

4. Functions & contribution of each system.

Ppt. , Video ,
Internet
Videos, doctor’s session. Link with experts & guidance.
2.
Human body Important systems Concept - human body

Terms - cell, tissues, organ, systems.

Systems-Name & definition of nine systems.


Draw a body structure & discuss how they work with each other?


Knowledge - how body works & different parts of body.

Values - how the parts cooperate with each other & do their work. Interrelationship between all body parts.

Ppt. , charts
SECTION – A
Unit Number- 2 Unit Name - Health & Hygiene
Sub unit Number - 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7 Sub Unit Name - Health, Hygiene, Personal Hygiene, environment hygiene, food hygiene


Sr.No.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Health & Hygiene What is health Definition-The body and the mind is in harmony and in proper functioning balance with every other part

Aspects- Physical health, Mental health, Emotional health and Spiritual health

Objectives-

1. Know the meaning of health.

2. Understand the importance of Physical, Mental and Spiritual health.

Videos, doctor’s session. Link with experts & guidance.
2.
Health & Hygiene Hygiene Definition- Hygiene means science and art of preserving and improving health and to allow man to live in healthy relationship with environment.

Aspects - personal environment and food.

Objective –

Meaning and importance of hygiene, necessity of personal , environmental and food hygiene

3.
Health & Hygiene
Personal Hygiene
Definition –Hygiene - It means cleanliness of our body.
Aspects - Cleanliness, proper sleep, food, water, exercise, work and care of vulnerable parts of body
Observe your five friends and discuss
Knowledge - toothbrush, comb, towel, soap, nail cutter, handkerchief keep clean.
4.
Health & Hygiene
Environment hygiene
Approach - Health education of the masses helps to develop an interest in the environmental sanitation
Aspects - Water pollution, air pollution, sanitation
Knowledge - To know what type of diseases spreads if water is polluted. To understand the importance of sanitation
5.
Health & Hygiene
Food Hygiene
Definition - If hygiene is ignored or overlooked while buying, preparing, cooking and storing food. The consequences in terms of food poisoning can be sudden and severe.
Knowledge - Keep kitchen clean, cleanliness during preparation of food, cleaning of refrigerator, clean water, and clean storage of food.
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 3 Unit Name - Nutrients
Sub unit Number-3.3, 3.4, 3.6 Sub Unit Name –Food & Nutrition, Nutrition & Nutrients, Deficiency diseases


Sr.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/ definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Nutrition Food & Nutrition Terms - Food, Nutrition

Functions-

1. Essential for the growth of human body

2. Provides power to the body to resist diseases.

3. Provides energy for production of heat & for maintenance of all metabolic activities.

4. Essential for daily wear & tear.


Objective-

1. Definition & functions of food.

2. To know what is nutrition & different nutrients.

3. Understand the importance of balance diet.

4. Various deficiency diseases & their dietary treatment.

Videos, doctor’s session. Link with experts & guidance.
2.
Nutrition Nutrition & nutrients Definition: Nutrition means the process, by which the body ingests digests, absorbs, transports, & utilizes the nutrients.

Nutrients are the constituents of food that must be supplied to the body in suitable amounts.

Important nutrients -carbohydrates, minerals, proteins, water, fats, roughages, vitamins etc.

With the help consultant make a chart of nutrients their types, sources, functions, deficiency. Knowledge-

1. to understands the importance of food.

2. Different food gives us different nutrients.

3. Dietary management of some deficiency diseases.

3
Nutrition
Deficiency diseases Definition: A deficiency disease is a condition in which a particular nutrient has been inadequate or missing from our daily meals for a prolonged period.


Make a chart of diseases, symptoms & their dietary treatment. Knowledge-our diet must conation all the food groups in correct proportion.
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 4 Unit Name - Diseases
Sub unit Number - 4.3, 4.4, 4.5 Sub Unit Name –what is diseases, HIV/AIDS, vaccination


Sr.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Diseases Meaning of diseases Definition- a disease is a abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions, associated with specific symptoms & signs.

Classification-Air borne, water borne, food borne, insect borne.

Objectives-to understand the diseases & classification.

To know some common diseases, their symptoms, treatments & prevention.

To know the importance of vaccination.

Videos, doctor’s session. Link with experts & guidance.
2.
Diseases HIV/aids Terms-HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).

AIDS(acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

Knowledge-

HIV transmission: 1.by transfusion of infected blood or blood products.

2. Having unprotected sex with HIV infected person.

3. by infected needles, syringes and other instruments.

4. by an infected mother by her unborn child.



3
Diseases Vaccination Definition-A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.

Methods-oral, by injection, puncture, transversal

.


Go to the hospitals & observe how the nurse vaccine patient Knowledge-how diseases transmitted from one person to another.

To know about some common diseases, their causative agents, symptoms & preventive measures. to know about HIV/AIDS, modes of transmission, preventive measures & anti retroviral therapy (art).


SECTION - A
Unit Number- 5 Unit Name -First Aid
Sub unit Number-5.3, 5.4, and 5.5. Sub Unit Name –first aid, first aid management, first aid kit


Sr.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
first aid First aid Definition- The immediate treatment that is given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness before any medical help arrives is called “first aid”.

Aim-

1. It saves life.

2. Helps in early recovery.

3. Prevent worsening of the victim’s condition.

4. To reduce palm & sufferings.


Knowledge-1.be calm.

2. Disperse the crowd.

3. Move the victim in a suitable safe place.

4. give artificial respiration.

5. call for a medical help.

Objectives-1.understand the concept of first aid.

2. Learn about different procedures & practice of giving first aid.

3. Provide first aid to the victim in case of any emergency & save life.

Videos, doctor’s session. Link with experts & guidance.
2.
first aid First aid management


Approaches-

1. Excessive bleeding.

2. Fracture.

3. Electrical shock.

4. Burn.

5. Bites & stings.

6. Swallowing objects & choking.

7. Poising.

All the procedures in first aid during different type of emergencies along with other school mates. Knowledge-emergency care is required at any time in life and first aid provided at right time not only saves life but also prevents gross damage of essential parts of the body.



3.
First aid First aid kit Terms- Bandage, cotton, dettol, small scissors, safety pins, burnol, torch, hot water bottle. Values-how save somebody life, life is important.
Unit Number- 6 Unit Name -Yoga and Exercise
Sub unit Number-6.3, 6.4, 6.5, and 6.7. Sub Unit Name –What is Yoga, Ash tang Yoga, Asana, Pranayam,


3.
Yoga exercise Asana Approaches-we follow YAM & NIYAM & change our habits, way of life, our thoughts & emotions & purify ourselves inside out & then starts doing the ASANS.

Terms-SUKHASAN, PADMASAN, VAJARASAN, SARVANGASAN, DHANURASAN, SHALABHASAN, BHUJANGASAN, PWANMUKTASAN, MANDUKASAN, SHAVASAN, SURYANAMASKAR.

Rules-1.morning & in the evening during the empty stomach.

2. General yogasan s should be practiced before taking meals.

3. The body & mind should be in a restful & normal condition.

4. One should do yoga at the same time every day.

5. The place of practice should be neat, clean, airy & well ventilated.

6. One should practice yoga on floor, avoid bed.

7. Wear light, loose & cotton cloths.

8. Maintain silence while doing yoga.

9. Always breathe through the nose while doing asana.

4.
Yoga exercise pranayam Definition-pranayam is yogic art of breathing.

Approaches-SURYABHEDI, NADISHODHAN, UJJAYI, SHITKARI, SHITALI, BRAHMARI, BHASTRIKA, KAPALBHATI.

Benefits-to control emotions.

It keeps the lungs pure.

It purifies blood and improves blood circulation & removes sluggishness.

It increases vigor, vitality, memory & perception.

It cleans the organs, senses, mind, intellect & ego.

Knowledge-as the bathing is essential for purifying the body, similarly pranayam is necessary for purifying the mind.

.
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 7 Unit Name - Lab arrangement & safety precaution
Sub unit Number-7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, and 7.7. Sub Unit Name – lab arrangement & set up, electricity supply, water supply, behavior of technician, disinfection of lab


Sr.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/
competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Lab arrangement & safety precaution Lab arrangement & set up System-clean & good laboratory facilities are necessary.

The lab should be airy & with big windows to get natural light.

The wall should be painted with white or light colour.

Laboratory sinks should be washable for glass wears.

The lab should have attached toilet.

Visit a pathology lab in ur town & observe the arrangements & set up in the lab. Objectives- laboratory arrangement & set up.

Electric supply, water supply, behavior of technician,

Various ways of disinfection in lab.

2.
Lab arrangement & safety precaution Electricity supply Terms-centrifuge, refrigerator, hot water bath & sterilizer Objective-the electricity supply plays an important role in the lab.

It would be three phase connection with proper earthing.

Regular check up of electric instruments for shock help to avoid any accidents.

3.
Lab arrangement & safety precaution Water supply Concept-lab arrangement & safety precaution Knowledge-the lab needs water for cleaning & washing of glass wear.

It would be through tap up to wash basin.

It would be from municipal council or supplied with overhead supply tank.

It would be proper disposal facility & used water for washing.

Waste water from lab would be collected in soak pit which would be absorbed in the soil.

4.
Lab arrangement & safety precaution Behavior of technician Duties-punctuality at work place is imp.

Neatness clean clothes & lab coat is imp.

Arranging the glass wear, needles, and chemical bottles at proper place is very imp.

Wash the hands after completing the tests.

Honesty & clean practice while carrying out test is very imp.

5.
Lab arrangement & safety precaution Disinfection of lab Ways –with boiling water, heating with spirit lab, with pressure cooker, by incineration, needles. Take an interview of the technician on do’s & don’t of the technician disinfection in the lab.
SECTION - A
Unit Number- 9 Unit Name - Housing
Sub Unit Number- 9.3, 9.4, 9.5 Sub Unit Name - Functions of home, Home environment care Maintenance of home


Sr.
Topic
Sub topic
Concept/terms/processes/approaches/system/subsystems/definition/procedure/structure etc
Learning activities
Objectives/Knowledge/application/skills/
competencies/capacities/capabilities/values to be developed
OERs

(Type and Name)

Concept Map of the OER
Facilitators role
1.
Housing
Functions of home Approaches-protective, economic, religious, educative, social, affection, status giving.

Definition-house, home


How many types of material used to make house? Compare urban houses & rural houses? Objective-

1. State the functions of home.

Knowledge-

1. How best can u utilize space in a house?

2.
Home environment Concept-Housing

Aspects-Does it get proper sunlight? Is it ventilated? Is it kept clean, both in & around? Is it exposed to loud noise?


Visit minimum 5 houses of rural & urban & observe-ventilation, sanitation, waste disposal? Objective-

1. Suggest ways of providing adequate lighting & ventilation, relate effect of poor lighting & ventilation to ill health, ways of maintaining sanitary.

2. Conditions safe disposable waste.

3.
Care & maintenance Approach-general, daily, weekly, seasonal


How to clean house their different parts of house? Values-
4.
‘’
Cleaning Different Surfaces Terms – Floor , Ceramic tiles, Plastic , Glass mirrors , Metal tabs Clean home toilet & seating room To know how to use tools for cleaning
5
Housing
Space Organization
Cooking , Dining , Sleeping , Bathing , Storing
Decorate house walls, floors, etc.
1.To know Arrangement of furniture,

2. Know how to utilize free space

PPT
6
Home Decoration
Walls , Flowers and potted plants, Floor decoration
‘’

Concept Maps

Home & Health

First Aid

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/3/39/FIRST_AID.cmap.jpg/800px-FIRST_AID.cmap.jpg

Cloth

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/c/c2/Cloth.jpg/800px-Cloth.jpg

HYGIENE

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/b/bc/Health_%26_Hygiene.jpg/800px-Health_%26_Hygiene.jpg

LAB TECHNIQUES

http://wikieducator.org/images/9/96/LAB_TECHNIQUES.jpg

NUTRITION

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/d/db/Nutrition.jpg/800px-Nutrition.jpg

PRESERVATION

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/4/48/PRESERVATION.jpg/800px-PRESERVATION.jpg

YOGA & EXERCISE

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/a/a2/YOGA_%26_EXERCISE.jpg/800px-YOGA_%26_EXERCISE.jpg

Agriculture

Soil

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/2/28/Soil.jpg/755px-Soil.jpg

Climate

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/d/d5/Climate.jpg/593px-Climate.jpg

Plant Propagation

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/3/3a/Plant_propogation.jpg/464px-Plant_propogation.jpg

Plant Nursery

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/7/7a/Nursery.jpg/554px-Nursery.jpg

Field Crops

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/1/10/Field_crops.jpg/524px-Field_crops.jpg

Manures and fertilizers

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/4/4a/Man_ferti.jpg/441px-Man_ferti.jpg

Plant disease

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/2/28/Cro_disease.jpg/460px-Cro_disease.jpg

Plant Pest

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/c/c8/Pest.jpg/480px-Pest.jpg

Plant Pest Management

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/e/e0/Pest_2.jpg/483px-Pest_2.jpg

Weed management & After care

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/6/60/Weed.jpg/471px-Weed.jpg

Harvesting & Yield

http://wikieducator.org/images/thumb/6/6d/Harvesting.jpg/549px-Harvesting.jpg

Engineering