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Study of Floriculutural and Ornamental Crops

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Rural Technology

Flowers have socio-cultural and religious importance. The cultivation or growing of flowers is practiced in India since ancient time. But in recent years the view of flower production is changed. The potential of this sector in generating income and employment is very high. Further it enhances involvement of women and youth . This sector also provides greater scope for export. Traditionally we are growing flowers such as Jasmin, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Tube rose, Aster, Crossansra. Now a days commercial cultivation of flowers like Rose, Gladiolus, Carnation, Anthurium, Gerbera, Orchids has become popular. The area under flower crops and the export of flowers has increased significantly in recent years, especially under protected form of cultivation.

1. Ornamental plants : These are the showy plants grown for their attractive foliage and flowers. They have important place in gardens and in pot culture e.g. Croton, Aglonema.

2. Cut flowers: The flowers with out long stalk used for keeping in vases, single offering and for preparing bouquets. e.g. Rose.

3. Loose flowers: The flowers with stalk used for making garlands, festrons, hair decoration. e.g. Jasmine, Crossandra.

4. Fragrant flowers: The flowers with scented essential oil and are used for extraction of essential oil which used in perfumery industry. e.g. Jasmine. Information about some important flower crops is given below in tabular form.

Intext Questions

1) Match the followings: A B

1. Marigold a) Desuckering

2. Rose b) Tissue culture

3. Gerbera c) Corm

4. Tuberose d) Bulb

5. Gladiolus e) Punching

What you have learnt

There are four branches of Horticulture viz Olericulture, Floriculture and ornamental gardening, Pomology and Post harvest technology and preservation. Different horticultural crops are grown in India. These crops are very much important for the farmers as they are profitable, nutritious and environmentally beneficial. Important fruit crops like Mango, Banana, Apple, Coconut, Sapota, and Grape along with other many fruit crops are grown on large scale. Vegetables are the staple food and different vegetables like Tomato, Potato, Cabbage, Brinjal, Root vegetables, leafy vegetables and pod vegetables are grown on large scale.

Terminal questions

Q1 Write in detail about cultivation of mango.

Q2 Write in detail about cultivation of banana.

Q3 Write in detail about cultivation of rose.

Q4 Write in detail about cultivation of aster.

Q5 Write in detail about cultivation of tomato.

Q6 Write in detail about cultivation of potato.

Q7 State importance of horticultural crops.

Q8 State and explain the branches of Horticulture.

Answer to intext questions

A. Fill in the blanks: 1. Hortus and Culture. 2. Vegetable 3. Pomology 4. Aesthetic 4.2 1) Match the followings: A B 1. Mango a) Alphonso 2. Banana b) Dwarf Cavendish 3. Papaya c) Co - 1 4. Pomegranate d) Ganesh 5. Grape e) Thompson seedless 4.3 1) Match the followings: A B 1. Tomato a) Pusa sheetal 2. Bitter gourd b) Provision of support 3. Pea c) Cool season 4. Okra d) Arka anamika 5. Carrot e) Root vegetable 4.4 1) Match the followings: A B 1. Marigold a) Punching 2. Rose b) Desuckering 3. Gerbera c) Tissue culture 4. Tuberose d) Bulb 5. Gladiolus e) Corm Suggested activities 1. Visit the nearest fruit orchard, cultivating different fruit crops in various stages of growth and study different fruit crops. 2. Visit any vegetable farm for studying different vegetables at different stages. 3. Visit commercial floriculture farm and study different practices of cultivation.


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