The present per capita availability of animal protein is 14g in the form of fish, egg and meat which constitute 11 percent of the requirement. Poultry provides the promise to bridge up the gap between requirement and availability with least cost compared to other sources of animal protein like sheep, goat, pig, beef and milk cows. However, the aim is to produce 55g of animal protein from poultry per person per day (30 g from the egg and 25g from the meat). This would mean that availability should be 180 eggs and 9 kg of chicken meat per year per person. Present availability of egg is only 32 and poultry meat is 550 gm. This big gap can be bridged up by increasing poultry production.
Poultry is the fastest growing sector of Indian agriculture. Broiler production was started as a novelty in early 1970’s and has turned out to be popular with its rearing of 750 million in year 2000. The steep growth in broiler production is also reflected in the increased number of hatcheries from 77 in 1980 to over 750 in the year 2000.
In 2000 A.D. a Network of 600 hatcheries, feed mills, veterinary pharmaceuticals and equipment manufactures have made poultry a dynamic agricultural business
After going this lesson you will be able to:
- explain the important breeds of poultry
- define feeding of poultry
- explain layer & Broiler Management Practices