Health is a positive state of well being, where every part of
the body and mind is in harmony and in proper functioning balance with every other part. In other words, when every organ of the body is functioning normally, the state of physical well being is known as health. It has been well said that only that person can be called really healthy who has a sound mind in a sound body. Health is the characteristic of life that enables a person to live longer.
According to World Health Organisation (WHO):
“Health is the state of complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well-being and not merely absence of disease”.
If a person is disease free or in a good physical state, but under stress, tension, anger, greed etc. than that person is not considered as a healthy person. Hence, in addition to physical health, we must consider the mental and emotional health also, only than spiritual and social health can be achieved and man can progress forward for the well being of the society.
Let us understand the various aspects of health-
- · Physical health – When the body is free from any physical ailment or abnormal condition, it is physical health.
- · Mental health – The state of absence of stress, tension, worry, negative thoughts etc. is mental health.
- · Emotional health – A balanced state of absence of anger, greed, proud, hatred etc. is emotional health.
- · Spiritual health – To live in yourself with uniformity and harmony is spiritual health. Also, to have faith in your religion and respect & view other’s religion with equal harmony is known as spiritual health.
Community health is the art and science of maintaining, protecting and improving the health of people through organized community efforts.