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Artificial respiration

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Rural Technology

There are two different methods of applying artificial respiration - a) Schaffer’s Method. b) Sylvestr’s Method.

a) Schaffer’s Method -

Lay the victim on his belly with one arm extended directly overhead and the other arm bent at elbow, with the face turned outward and resting on hand or forearm, so that the nose and mouth are free for breathing, pull the tongue forward, but do not hold it. Kneel, straddling on the victim’s thighs, with your hands on the small of the back with fingers resting on the ribs, the little finger just touching the lowest rib, with the thumb and fingers in a natural position and the tips of the fingers just out of sight. Keep your arms straight, lean forward slowly over the victim bringing the weight of your body gradually to bear on the victim for about 2–3 seconds, release the pressure slowly and return to the first position by sliding your palms sideways as shown in fig 1.2 Repeat this procedure about 12–15 times a minute. It will help victim to restore breathing gradually. A victim may require 1–3 hours to re-establish the natural breathing. After the victim starts natural breathing, the artificial respiration should be stopped, keep a watch on the victim till he breaths naturally.

b) Sylvester’s Method -

Place the victim on his back. First loosen his clothes around the chest and stomach. Remove false teeth, if any and put a pillow under the shoulders, so that his chest will be rise up and head will titled backward. The tongue should be drawn forward. The rescuer must stand beside the victim in the position shown in fig 1.4. Grasp the victim just below the elbows. Draw his arm over his head until horizontal, retaining them for two seconds. Next, bring the victim’s arms down on each side of his chest and pressing inwards upon it. Leaning upon his arm so as to compress his chest. Remain in his position for two seconds and then again keep repeating the two motions at the same rate. If one more person is present, he should be asked to draw out victims tongue at each action of the victim’s lungs inflating and deflating. Be careful in this method to avoid any injury to internal organs resulting from excessive and sudden pressures. Do not give any thing to drink to a victim until he is conscious.

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